. Gurbani Raag Bairari :SearchGurbani.com

Gurbani Raag: Bairari

This raga appears in the Ragmala as the first ragini of Sin Raga. In the Mesakarna. Ragmala (1509), which is almost the same as that of the Guru Granth Sahib, the first ragini of Siri Raga is given as Vairati. However, modern sources do not give Bairari nor Vairati but Barari and Varari as well as Varati are . listed. Kaufmann believes that all of these names refer to the same raga, Barari. Whether this is the same as the old Bairari is open to question. The possibility always exists that Bairari was a regional tune. It was used by Guru Ram Das for six short hymns and by Guru Arjan for one. The performance time for Bairari is during the evening hours and it is currently assigned to the Marva thata. It resembles Purva Kalyan, the main difference being the use of Pa which is strong in Bairari and weak in Purya-Kalyan. Popley places Bairari in the same group as Siri Raga and this would agree with the Ragmala.

Raag Bairari is counted as an uncommon and not a very well known Raag. In medieval times there is hardly any other raag which can be compared with this raag as far as the prevalence of number of varietiesis concerned. This is a difficult raag. Only highly accredited singers can sing this with purity (correctly). This raag is very melodious. “Har Nirbhuau Nirvair Nirankaar” “Kaaea sarir basat hai” and “sarab sookh har naam vaddaaee |”all these shabads are in Raag Bairari . Also “Sant janaa mil har jas gaaeiou” which is commonly sung at the end of Diwans is in Raag Bairari.

Aroh : Nee Re Ga Pa, Ma Ga, Ma Dha Saˆˆ

Avroh : Saˆˆ Nee Dha Pa, Ma Ga, Pa Ga, Re Sa.

Sur : Rishab is flat, Madhym is teever. Rest of the notes (swar) are sharp.

Thaat : Marva

Jaati : Vakar – Sampooran

Time : Fourth quarter of the day (Evening)

Vadi : Gandhar (Ga)

Samvadi : Dhaiwat (Dha)

Main sur : Pa Dha Ga, Ma Dha, Ma Ga, Re Ga, Ma Ga, Re Sa


Introduction :

Raga Berari comes from Marwa Thath. It is mentioned as a consort of Raga Malkaus in Berari Sarsut, a consort of raga Basant in Shivmat, a consort of raga Pancham in Kalinath-mat and a consort of raga Bhairo in Hanumat The mood of this raga is very tender and compassionate.

In the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib it is mentioned as a consort of raga Sri.

The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:

Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga pa ma ga pa dhi ni sa

Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha pa ma ga re sa

The vadi (most popular) note is 'ga' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'dha'.

This raga is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12 noon to 3 a.m. The season of its recitation is winter (sharad) i.e., during October, November. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 719- 720 (2 pages).

The Composers:

The composers of bath (hymns) in this raga are:


  • Guru Ramdas
  • Guru Arjan Dev


There is no bhagat bani in this raga

The Structure:

The sequence of the structure of compositions in this raga are:


  • Shabads (2 padas)

Bhagat bani:

There is no bhagat bani in this raga



Count of the use of Managals:

  • Complete Mool Mantar = nil
  • Ik-ongkar Satgur Prasadh = 2

Placement and count of rahau verses:

All shabads of have a rahau verse in them, they have numerals and the verses are placed in the beginning of the shabads.

Diversification of headings and subheadings in the raga:

Page number



Raga Berari Mehla 4 Ghar 1 dopadas


Raga Berari Mehla 5 Ghar 1

Composers Structure of Bani




















8 (padas)




















Arjan Dev














Excerpts taken from:
Guru Granth Sahib: An Advance Study
Dr Sukhbir Singh Kapoor
Vice Chancellor World Sikh University, London

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