Gurbani Raag Kanara
It is a not a very ancient raga. It became famous in the medieval historical period. Tansen, one of the most famous musician of Emperor Akbar, who was contemporary of Guru Amardas, Guru Ramdas and Guru Arjan Dev, used this raga in the court of Akbar, thus this raga became famous as Darbari (court) Kanra.
Kahn Singh Nabha has given 17 variations of this raga:
This raga is mentioned as a son of raga Deepak in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga, ma pa, ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni pa, ma pa, ga ma re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'pa' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'sa'.
This raga is sung in the first part of the night i.e., 6 p.m. 9 p.m. The season of its recitation is summer (grikham) i.e., during May - June. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 1294 - 1318 (25 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
The sequence of the structure of compositions in this raga are:
Count of the use of Managals:
Placement and count of rahau verses:
In all shabads and ashtpadis the numbered rahau verse are is in the beginning of the compositions.
In the Bhagat Bani the rahau verses have numerals and are also placed in the beginning of the shabads.
Diversification of headings & subheadings in this raga:
Composers Structure of Bani