. Gurbani Raag Mali Gaura :SearchGurbani.com
SearchGurbani.com

Gurbani Raag Mali Gaura


Gaura is listed in the Ragmala as a putra (son) of Dipak, but not Mali Gaura. Currently classified under the Marva thata, Mali Gaura is performed in the evening at sunset. In recent years it is rarely heard in concert. Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan composed to this raga 14 hymns included in the Holy Book.

Aroh : Sa Re Sa Ni Dha Sa Re Ga NI'a Pa, Dha Ni Dha Sa

Avroh : Sa Ni Dha Pa, M'a Ni Dha M'a Ga, Re Sa

Vadi : Re 

Samvadi : Pa

Introduction :

According to Indian Schools of music this raga is a complete raga of Marwa thaht. This raga is a mixture of raga Mali and raga Gaura. It is classified as a son of raga Malkaus. It is an ancient raga, its description is not available in the modern music books.

This raga is not included in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.

The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:

Arohi (ascending scale) - sa re ga ma ga pa dha ni sa

Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha pa ma ga re sa

The vadi (most popular) note is 're' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'dha'.

This raga is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12 noon to 3 p.m. The season of its recitation is winter (sharad) i.e., during October, November. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 984- 988 (5 pages).

The Composers:

The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:

Gurus

  • Guru Ramdas
  • Guru Arlan Dev

Bhagats:

  • Namdev

The structure:

The sequence of the structure of compositions in this raga are:

Gurubani:

  • Shabads (2,4 padas)

Bhagatbani:

  • Shabads (2, 4 padas)

Matrix

VISUAL ANALYSIS

Count of the use of Managals:

  • Complete Mool Mantar = 1 at page 984
  • ik-ongkar Satgur Prasadh = 3

Placement and count of rahau verses:

All shabads have rahau verses with numeral placed in the beginning of the compositions.

Diversification of headings & subheadings in this raga:

Page number

Heading/Subheading

984

Raga Mali Gaura Mehla 4

986

Mali Gaura Mehla 5

987

Mali Gaura Mehla 5 dopadae

Composers Structure of Bani

 

Padas

 

 

 

 

Ashtpadis

Specialist

 

Chts

Specialist

Var

Sloaks*

Gurus

2

3

4

5

6

8 (padas)

untiled

Titled

 

 

 

 

Ramdas

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Al l an

Dev

3

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bhagats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Namdev

2

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Pds= padas
  • Chts = Chhants

 

Excerpts taken from:
Guru Granth Sahib: An Advance Study
Dr Sukhbir Singh Kapoor
Vice Chancellor World Sikh University, London