Gurbani Raag Bhairav
According to Indian Schools of music this raga is also a very old, melodious and popular raga. It is known as Janak raga of Bharav thaht. In the opinion of Pandit Ravi shankar, this raga imparts morning invocation expression. Ustad Hafees Ahmed Khan also believes that Bhairav represents the mood for prayers and invocation. It is masculine but tender in nature. Pandit Jitendra Abhishekhi feels that Bhairav being a morning raga imparts an energetic mood as morning symbolises energy.
This raga is mentioned as the first major raga in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - ni sa ga ma dha ni sa re
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha pa ma ga re sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'dha' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 're '.
This raga is sung at the fourth part of the night i.e., from 3 a.m. to 6 a.m. The season of its recitation is winter (sharad) i.e., during October, November. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 1125- 1167 ( 43 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
The sequence of the structure of compositions in this raga are:
Count of the use of Managals:
Placement and count of rahau verses:
All shabads (except two shabads: one on page 151 and second on page 1153, where rahau verse are at the beginning of the shabads) have numbered rahau verses placed at the end of the first padas of the shabads.
In the Bhagat Bani, except the first shabad (page 1157), where the numbered rahau verse is placed in the beginning of the first pada, an all other shabads it is placed at the end of the first padas of the shabads.
Diversification of headings & subheadings in this raga:
Composers Structure of Bani