Gurbani Raag Tilang
According to Mahan Kosh of Kahn Singh Nabha, raga Tilang belongs to Bilawal thath. This raga is also called raga Trikiling and Triling associating it with three Shivlings found at mountains Shail, Kalesar and Bhimeser in Southern India. According to Hanumant School of music it is a ragini of raga Hindol.
This raga is included in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa ga ma pa ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni pa ma ga sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'ga' and samvadi (second most popular) note is 'na'.
This raga is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12 a.m. to 3 p.m. The season of its recitation is rainy (varsha) i.e., during July and Agust. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 721 - 727( 7 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
The sequence of the structure of compositions in this raga are:
Count of the use of Managals:
Placement and count of rahau verses:
In the first five shabads of Guru Nanak Dev, three shabads have rahau verses with numeral '1' and are placed after the first padas of the shabads; the next two shabads have no rahaus. The next 7 shabads have rahaus without numerals and are placed after the first padas of the shabads. The next two long compositions , one by Guru Nanak Dev and one by Guru Ramdas have no rahau verses. The three shabads of Guru Tegh Bahadur, which follow, have rahau verses in the beginning of the shabads and have numeral with them.
The Bhagat Bani has rahau verses with numeral and are placed at the end of the first padas of the shabads.
Diversification of headings & subheadings in this raga:
Composers Structure of Bani