Gurbani Raag Maru
According to Indian Schools of music this raga is a very old and popular raga. It is also known as raga Malav, Marva,and Marvic. It belongs to Marva thaht. It is classified as a son of raga Malkaus.
This raga is also mentioned as a son of raga Malkausak in the Ragamala listed at the end of Guru Granth Sahib. According to Late Ustad Ameer Khan this raga gives a feeling of separation and gloomy mood. It makes one sad after listening to this raga.
The scale and notes of the raga are as follows:
Arohi (ascending scale) - sa magama pa dha ni sa
Avrohi (descending scale) - sa ni dha pa ma dha pa ma pa ga sa
The vadi (most popular) note is 'ga' and samvadi (second most popular) note is sa'.
This raga is sung at the third part of the day i.e., from 12 noon to 3 p.m. The season of its recitation is winter (shisher) i.e., during December, January. In Guru Granth Sahib it has hymns from pages 989- 1106 (118 pages).
The composers of bani (hymns) in this raga are:
The sequence of the structure of compositions in this raga are:
Count of the use of Managals:
Placement and count of rahau verses:
All shabads of the Gurus have rahau verses, with numerals, placed at the end of the first padas of the shabads, except shabads of Guru Tegh Bhadur, where the rahau verses are placed in the beginning of the shabads.
In the specialist composition 'Anajali' there is no rahau verse in it. In all the Ashtpadis the numbered rahau verses are placed at the end of the first pada. In one Ashtpadi (page 1018), there is no rahau verse in it.
Diversification of headings & subheadings in this raga:
Composers Structure of Bani
The sequence of Gurubani is as follows:
Shabads (2-6) padas, Titled 'Anjlian' two shabads M:5 (1st =4 pada, 2nd=5 padas), shabad M: 9 Ashtpadis, Titled 'Anjlian' two Ashtpadis M:5, Sohle, Vars.
The sequence of Bhagatbani is as follows:
Bhagat Kabir - 7 shabads (4=4padas, 2=2padas, 1=3 padas), Ashtpadi -1 (but without the title of ashtpadi), 1 shabad (2 padas), 2 sloaks,
Bhagat Namdev - 1 shabad (4 padas) Bhagat Kabir - 1 shabad (4 padas) Bhagat Jaidev - 1 shabad (2 padas) Bhagat Kabir - 1 shabad (3 padas)
Bhagat Ravidas - 2 shabads (1=2 padas, 1=3 padas)